How to Get Health Insurance Without a Job or Regular Income?

If you lose your job, your company’s health insurance is also affected. There are many options to change that protection. However, most of them were expensive and difficult to pay for with a downturn in earnings. Many of these options are now much more affordable thanks to the American Rescue Strategy (a relief package that was signed on March 11, 2020).

You may have lost your job or are looking to reevaluate your options after losing your job in the last year. Here’s what you need to consider when choosing new medical insurance coverage. The best choice might not be the one you had in the past, but it may now be different with brand-new aids or other assistance.

COBRA: A New Way to Protect Your Company

COBRA, if you have medical insurance and lose your job, is the best option. It might also be much cheaper than what it was in the past. COBRA, a federal law that requires companies to allow former employees to continue their medical insurance coverage for 18 months after they have lost their jobs, is called federal law. COBRA is only applicable to businesses with more than 20 employees. However, many states have similar laws for smaller companies. The exact same protection will be provided and the company network will continue to exist. Any expenditures you have made towards the deductible for the current year will also count.

However, the disadvantage has always been the cost: Premiums can jump significantly because you have to pay both the employee’s and company’s part of the expense. Plus as much as 2% administrative costs. The premiums paid by companies to their current employees are usually 75%.

The American Rescue Strategy, however, alters the formula to compensate for those who have lost their jobs involuntarily. The law provides 100% funding for COBRA premiums up to 6 months, beginning April 1, and ending September 30, 2021. For people who are not eligible for COBRA, or those who qualify for other job-based protection, the aid may last for less than six months, according to Karen Pollitz, senior fellow at Kaiser Household Structure.

This aid is only available to those who have lost their jobs involuntarily. People who leave by themselves are not eligible. COBRA protection will remain extremely expensive for them.

You have 60 days to choose COBRA after your company loses its protection. However, a federal emergency policy temporarily extended the COBRA election period. Pollitz states that this means people who were laid off in the summer and didn’t choose COBRA at the time, but still have the option to do so.

The COBRA protection you receive after you register can only last 18 months. This would be approximately 18 months from the time you lose your job and your company’s insurance protection. Pollitz states that, “So, for example, someone laid off March 1, 2020 will have COBRA until August 2021.”

Keep in mind that although the aid may last up to 6 months, there is currently no registration period for market protection. Market protection will end on August 30th. The current guidelines state that you may not be able to switch to market protection until the fall yearly open registration. New protection begins January 1. Biden might create a new registration duration before then. However, you could be stuck paying COBRA premiums for several months after aid ends.

Register for Protection through Your State’s Insurance Market

To purchase a specific policy of medical insurance at your state’s health insurance market or, you will normally need to wait until open registration. This usually takes place between Nov. 1 and Dec 15. If you lose your job protection, however, you can still be approved for a unique registration period. You have 60 days to buy a policy through market after your company loses its protection. To find links to your state’s market, visit You also have the opportunity to register for protection in this year. has opened a new registration period that allows anyone to register (or modify protection) between February 15 and August 15, 2021. Many states with their own medical insurance market offer similar unique registration periods. Even if your job has been lost in the last 60 days, you can still benefit from this unique registration period.

You might also be eligible for an aid depending on the number of people living in your household and your annual earnings. The American Rescue Strategy has increased the amount of aids available for 2021-2022. It’s rewarding to check if you are eligible for aid if your job is lost. This could reduce your premiums significantly.

The previous estimates of the extraordinary tax credits (the aids), were based on the assumption that a home should contribute no more than 9.8% to their earnings towards medical expenses (lower earnings contributing a smaller portion to the premiums). The American Rescue Strategy changed that maximum contribution to 8.5% family earnings. The previous guidelines made it impossible to get aid for those who earned less than 400% of federal poverty. However, the new guidelines eliminate that income limit.

“This suggests that the federal government anticipates households to use less of their earnings toward medical insurance expenses, and is using stimulus funds to make up the difference,” states Matt Rosenberg. He is a certified public accountant in Grand Junction, Colorado and a member of American Institute of Certified Public Accountants’ Financial Literacy Commission. This must increase the amount of exceptional tax credit a household receives, with the goal being to make premiums less expensive for all households and people.

The Kaiser Household Structure’s Medical insurance Market Calculator will provide you with a quick price quote for your premiums after aid. It has actually been updated with brand-new aid numbers. The specific numbers for each policy can be found at the state’s insurance market.

A couple of 40-year-olds living in Chicago with 2021 earnings of $40,000 could be approved for $580 per month. This would reduce their monthly premiums to $109 for a mid-level insurance policy. They would have to pay $689 per month without the aid. Your earnings for the entire year are used to calculate your aid. If you lose your job, you will need to estimate your earnings for 2021.

Existing policies holders can go back to to modify their tax credit and receive the enhanced aids. This should reduce their monthly premiums. The 36 states that use should be able to modify their policies by April. However, the 14 states and the District of Columbia, which run their own markets, might take longer to update their systems. Rachel Schwab is a research study connect with Center on Medical Insurance Reforms at Georgetown University Health Policy Institute. You might get more refund if your premiums haven’t been changed over the course of the year.

People who were granted joblessness settlements in 2021 under the American Rescue Strategy received additional assistance. They may be eligible for an aid that covers all costs of the silver-level strategy at the second lowest cost in their area. You can also use the Kaiser Household Structure calculator to estimate your joblessness aid.

Even if your absence has been for a prolonged period, you still have time to register for a market plan during the COVID registration period at Pollitz states that people who have not yet registered for market strategies may be able to return and check if they are eligible to pay for protection.

If they find that a different strategy is cheaper with the new aid estimate, people who have market protection through or other states can also change their protection before August 15. Pollitz states that some people registered for extremely high bronze deductibles during the last open registration. A silver strategy might have lower deductibles, but it may be less expensive. While bronze-level policies have lower premiums, they tend to have higher deductibles and cost sharing than silver-level ones.

Some state-based markets only allow people to buy brand-new medical insurance for those who were not currently insured. However, they do not permit them to change strategies if they have market protection. These guidelines could change; customers should contact their market to find out what options they have, states Schwab.

Choose between Market Protection under the New Rules and COBRA

If you lose your job involuntarily and are approved for COBRA aid, you will have $0 premiums for approximately six months. This might be less expensive than market protection with exceptional tax credits. If you leave your job willingly, however, you won’t be approved for COBRA assistance and may pay less for subsidized protection. This is especially true if your earnings have actually fallen.

Premiums are only one aspect to consider. If you’ve had healthcare expenses in the past year, and have paid some of the deductible for 2021 for that cost, you can still claim credit under a COBRA policy. If you want to switch to market protection, however, you will need to start the deductible duration again.

“If you have had a catastrophic event this year, and you’ve paid your deductible, and (you are) as high as your out-of pocket optimum, then it is best to keep on the COBRA strategy,” John Barkett, senior vice president of policy affairs at Willis Towers Watson. He also offers advice about benefits. You might have to start the clock again if you change strategies.

Also, find out if your doctors, hospitals, and other businesses are included in the new strategy’s network. Compare your cost-sharing for treatment with prescription drugs under the policies. Pollitz states that people in continuous treatment might want to avoid changing service providers. Market policies might have higher deductibles or co-payments that COBRA protection.

Register for Medicaid

You may be eligible for Medicaid depending on your income and where you live. The federal poverty level is 138% for adults in 36 states that have expanded Medicaid eligibility under Affordable Care Act. Your monthly earnings are what determine eligibility. You might be eligible even if your earnings were not as high as your yearly earnings. Pollitz states that Medicaid registration is always open year-round.’s Medicaid quick screening tool can help you determine if you are eligible to certify. It is based on your income, state, and number of family members. Links to the Medicaid sites in your state will also be displayed. You can find more information at

Register for Medicare if you are 65 years old or older

Registering for Medicare can be done from 3 months before you turn 65 to 3 months after. Even if you don’t want to register yet for Social Security benefits, it is most convenient to sign up online at the Social Security website.

You have up to eight months to cancel your protection from Medicare Part B if you don’t want to register for it at 65 because you were working. It’s a good idea to act faster after you leave your job so that you can avoid any protection gaps. Medicare is your primary protection if you don’t have any medical insurance from an established company. COBRA is not considered protection from an existing company.