Truck drivers have enough experience to know the dangers of bad weather. However, it is important to be familiar with road conditions in inclement weather. Being prepared for weather conditions will help you save time and avoid any loss that may require truck insurance coverage.
It is essential to be aware of the weather conditions on the route. In case of extreme weather, have alternate routes in place. Listen to the local radio for information and other drivers via CB.
Hydroplaning can occur if there is water on the roads, but even light rain can make it dangerous. The road becomes extremely slippery when oils build up, which can cause it to become wetter. Small amounts of water are also used as a leveling agent to smoothen the road’s normally rough surface. This reduces traction by about 30%.
-Stop turning on lights or defroster to increase visibility
Avoid sudden changes of speed.
-Try driving in the tracks of your vehicle.
-Puddles often hide deep potholes.
Hydroplaning is a sign that the truck is not straightening out. You can take your foot off of the gas if the truck starts to hydroplane. You should not brake or try to steer. As the truck slows down, it will return to the road.
Avoid driving on a flood plain. Trucks can handle stronger and deeper waters better than trucks, but there are increased chances of floodwater causing the truck to overturn or turning against its momentum. Flash floods can cause trucks to overturn or become ill-equipped to handle them.
-If fog is visible ahead, slow down.
Low beam headlights should be used in combination with fog lights.
-French on the windshield wipers or defroster.
Watch out for stopped or slow moving vehicles ahead.
It is a good idea to open your windows and hear the sounds of other vehicles.
-Keep to your right on the road.
If the fog is too heavy, pull the truck as far to the right as possible without putting your life at risk. Wait for the fog to lift.
Snow and Ice
-Be aware, bridges and overpasses freeze the first.
Keep the windows clean.
-Keep your speed steady and low.
Be careful when applying brakes
Antilock brakes perform best when you apply constant, firm pressure. Push the brake pedal until it reaches the floor if necessary.
Remember that your braking zone will be three to twelve times larger than normal.
-If your tires are stuck in snow, align them by straightening the wheels and then slowly accelerate. To create friction, place sand or other cinders underneath the tires.
Stay in your truck during a snowstorm. You can leave a partially-open window. Clear the exhaust pipes of snow. Turn on the heater and engine for ten minutes each hour.
Be aware of how your trailer moves in strong winds. Be aware of other drivers. Wind can cause smaller vehicles and other drivers to get caught under the trailer.
Do not attempt to dodge a tornado. You should leave your truck if a tornado is approaching. If shelter is not available, you can lay down in a ditch or depression.
During a storm, your truck is the most secure place. Avoid trees when parking. Pay attention to down power lines.
Avoid crossing the path of a hurricane watch. You should have enough time to change your route when hurricanes are approaching slowly enough.